OZERY

OZERY
OZERY (Pol. Jeziory, Yid. Ozhor), town in Grodno oblast, Belorussian S.S.R. Formerly one of the royal estates where the magdeburg law applied, the town was later the property of Polish nobles. Jews are mentioned in Ozery in 1667 in the pinkas of the Lithuanian Council (see Councils of the lands ), in connection with a "revenge of murder" during an "assembly" in the town. In that century a wooden synagogue, widely known for its beauty, was built. In 1826 a siddurTefillat Nehora ha-Shalem – was printed at the press of Zimel Nochumowicz (of the romm family of printers). From 552 in 1847 the Jewish population grew to 1,892 (42.4% of the total population) in 1897, then declined to 867 (49.4%) in 1921. Ozery was known as a place for Torah study, attracting young men from the surrounding district. The main sources of Jewish livelihood were sawmills, lake fishing, tanning and other crafts, and trade. In 1937 about 89% of the 73 shops in the town were owned by Jews. Among the economic associations organized by Ozery Jews were a committee for Jewish crafts, an association of retail traders, a cooperative bank, and a free loan fund (Gemilut Ḥasadim), which had 170 members in 1924. In the mid-1920s an elementary school belonging to the CYSHO (Central Yiddish School Organization) functioned. Zionist activity started at the beginning of the century, and groups supporting the labor parties in Ereẓ Israel were active before World War II; Ozery had a center for training ḥalutẓim, and there was also some emigration to Ereẓ Israel. Jews from the town were among the pioneers of Jewish colonization in the Argentine. -Holocaust Period During World War II, when the Germans occupied Ozery, the Jews were brutally treated: they were conscripted into forced labor and their property confiscated. A ghetto was soon established, enclosed by barbed wire and guarded by Jewish police and Belorussians. A Judenrat was also established. The inmates of the ghetto were taken to work in the forests and tobacco plantations, for a daily wage of one mark, half of which was deducted as "Jewish tax." Jews from nearby towns such as Eisiskes, Vasilishki, Nowy Dwor, and Porechye, were also concentrated in the ghetto of Ozery. On Nov. 11, 1942, all the Jews (1,370 according to a Nazi document) were transferred to the Kelbasin forced-labor camp near Grodno, and a few weeks later all were deported to death camps. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Dubnow (ed.) Pinkas Medinat Lita (1925); Institut far Vaysruslendisher Kultur, Tsaytshrift, 2–3 (1928), 370; KS, 8 (1931/32), 237; Grodner Opklangen (1950), 6. (Dov Rubin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ozery — Stadt Osjory Озёры Föderationskreis Zentralrussland Oblast …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ozery — Original name in latin Ozry Name in other language OZERY, Ozeri, Ozery, Ozjory, Ozry, ОЗЕРЫ, Озёры State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 54.85998 latitude 38.55062 altitude 132 Population 25900 Date 2012 01 17 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ozery — ozeron, ozery nm oseraie anc. fr …   Glossaire des noms topographiques en France

  • Osery — Stadt Osjory Озёры Föderationskreis Zentralrussland Oblast …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Озерский район Московской области — Озёрский район Страна Россия Статус район Входит в Московскую область Административный центр Озёры Глава администрации Сергей Борисович Козлов Население 39,5 тыс. Плотность …   Википедия

  • Озёры и Озёрский район — Озёрский район Страна Россия Статус район Входит в Московскую область Административный центр Озёры Глава администрации Сергей Борисович Козлов Население 39,5 тыс. Плотность …   Википедия

  • Moscow Oblast — Московская область (Russian)   Oblast   …   Wikipedia

  • Dzerzhinsk, Russia — For other places with the same name, see Dzerzhinsk. Dzerzhinsk (English) Дзержинск (Russian)   …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Ghettos im Nationalsozialismus — Deutsche Ghettos für Juden in Polen und Osteuropa 1941 1945. In dieser Karte sind viele von den deutschen Besatzern eingerichteten Ghettos in Polen und Osteuropa eingetragen. Diese Liste der Ghettos im Nationalsozialismus umfasst über 500 Ghettos …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ponton-Brücke — Pontonbrücke über den Inn Eine Pontonbrücke (auch Schwimmbrücke oder Schiffbrücke) besteht aus einer Reihe von Schwimmkörpern (sogenannten Pontons), über die ein Steg, eine Fahrbahn oder ein Gleis montiert ist. Sie werden meist als Behelfsbrücke… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”